Integrated Pest Management
Integrated Pest Management or IPM is the method of prevention of pests for a long time through the techniques such as biological controls, changing the habit and culture of day-to-day life. This IPM requires all the physical, chemical, and biological control. The method is done without causing damage to the environment and human health.
How do IPM works?
IPM is not a single method, it is done with the combination of four methods and the methods are,
Set an Action Threshold
Before taking any action on pest control, there should be a proper plan to identify the infestation and the area where the pest is often available. The method should be started when the population of pests increases, a single sign of pests will not be effective in this method, it is important to identify the place where the pests have stayed, so it is easy to execute the process to eliminate the complete infestation without any leftovers.
The biological method of pest control uses natural enemies of the pests like chickens, grasshoppers, predators, and parasites. There are many families in the world who love to have a chat with them. The cats are not only grown as a pet but also it helps in the elimination of pests like mice, snakes, and tiny insects.
The physical method is controlling the pests manually by using traps like sticky notes, baits, alarms, and firearms. These traps are available in pest shops, and you can make use of these traps to reduce the labor cost and time.
The chemical method is one of the best methods of controlling the pests which can result immediately. But the use of chemicals is dangerous to the environment and human health. So, the chemical should be used with the proper protection like making use of masks and gloves. In IPM the pesticides are used when the situation is very dangerous, and the IPM pesticides are not more harmful to the soil and air when compared to other pesticides available in shops.
Step-by-Step Process of IPM
- Identification of pests
- Monitoring the number and availability of pests
- Guideline of when the IPM is needed
- Prevention of problems by pests
- Executing the process of biological, chemical, and physical management tools
- After the action of controlling methods, proper prevention is provided for future
The pests are increasing in each place of the earth because of the wastes, moisture, and regular darkness. It is important to act when the pests are available in your place, the method of IPM will help in controlling the pests for a long time. It is the long-term pest control process that is done eco-friendly and healthy manner. It is important to take care of the health when the chemicals are used, so the method of IPM will be helpful for many industries and factories to control and eliminate the pests for a long time.